Brief characteristics of gambling regulation in Ireland.
This is the country with one of the most conservative gambling laws. Almost all types of gambling are banned or heavily restricted. There is no authority regulating gambling business in the country, licenses for some types of gambling business are issued by the Department of Justice and Equality (http://www.justice.ie/).
In 1931 betting was legalized. In 1956 the Gaming and Lotteries Act was passed, which effectively banned or restricted all other types of gambling. Not long ago, a new bill was introduced to liberalize the laws and create a regulator, but as of 2018, it has not been passed.
The paradox of the Irish market is that many outdated laws are simply not enforced and society lives up to the realities of the times (this is typical of the legal system of the British Isles as a whole). Since 2000s the first casinos appeared in the country, which used the loopholes in the laws and formed "private clubs" and were regulated by the anti-money laundering legislation.
At the same time the Irish can quite freely play a variety of gambling games online. Only online BKs are officially allowed and licensed. All in all, the Irish are a very gambling nation, spending about 5 billion euros a year on gambling (more than 1000 per habitant). It is estimated that only 1-2% of this amount goes through official offline establishments.
The Republic of Ireland operates:
- National Lottery;
- A variety of lotteries;
- Online gambling, casinos;
- Poker, including sports;
- Betting, sports and other events.
- Slot machines
Slot machines were banned until 1970. A license was obtained for each slot machine. The law limits the maximum bet in the machines (6 shillings) and the maximum winnings (10 shillings). The law is obsolete simply by the fact of the introduction of the euro. The Gaming & Leisure Association of Ireland estimates there are more than 20,000 machines operating in the country as of 2017, 6,700 of them without a license (http://glai.ie/)
Online gambling (gambling) and casinos
Online gambling for money and online casinos are not licensed in Ireland, but citizens actively play at international resources licensed abroad (such as the Isle of Man, Alderney, Malta or Gibraltar).
The game of poker is not regulated by law. Sport poker is developed and popular tournaments are held.
Land-based casinos operate in the country under the guise of "private members' gaming clubs". There are 23 casinos in four cities: Limerick, Cork, Dun Dolk Dublin.